Authorship describes measuring criteria and provides credit for a researcher’s contributions to a study. The authors are expected to fulfil following criteria:

Manuscript submitted to The Gazette of Medical Sciences means that all the listed authors have agreed all the contents and the author names. The corresponding author is responsible for having ensured that all the listed authors have reached the agreement and have approved the manuscript submission to the journal.

The corresponding author is accountable for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication. The corresponding author is also responsible for submitting a cover letter on behalf of all authors of the paper;

Each author is expected to have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the analysis, or interpretation of data;

It is expected that the corresponding author will be responsible for transparency and reproducibility of the data, materials, and code in accordance to the standards of the field and journal. The authors should also confirm that data/materials/code presentation accurately reflects the original;

At submission, the corresponding author must include written permission from the authors of the work concerned for mention of any unpublished material cited in the manuscript (for example others’ data, in press manuscripts, personal communications or work in preparation).

The corresponding author also must clearly identify at submission any material within the manuscript (such as figures) that has been published previously elsewhere and provide written permission from authors of the prior work and/or publishers, as appropriate, for the re-use of such material.

After acceptance, the corresponding author is responsible for the accuracy of all content in the proof, including the names of co-authors, addresses and affiliations.

During the publication process and after publication, the corresponding author is the point of contact for queries about the published paper. It is their responsibility to inform all co-authors of any matters arising in relation to the published paper and to ensure such matters are dealt with promptly. Authors of published material have a responsibility to inform the journal immediately if they become aware of any aspects that requires correction.

Any changes to the author list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion or addition of authors, must be approved by every author.

TheGMS editors are not responsible to investigate or adjudicate authorship disputes before or after publication. Such disagreements, if they cannot be resolved among authors, should be directed to the relevant institutional authority.

The affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may also be stated. The Gazette of Medical Sciences remain neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in institutional affiliations.

Authorship for consortium

If a consortium is listed as a collective of authors, all members of the consortium are considered authors and must be listed in the published article as such. If not all members of the consortium agree to the responsibilities of authorship, the members that are authors will be listed separately from those who are not. To facilitate submission of manuscripts with large author lists, please consult the journal editor before submission.

The Gazette of Medical Sciences allow one set of up to six co-authors to be specified as having contributed equally to the work or having jointly supervised the work. Other equal contributions are best described in author contribution statements.

Identification of authors

As part of our efforts to improve transparency and unambiguous attribution of scholarly contributions, corresponding authors of published papers must provide their Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID) ID; co-authors should also provide ORCID IDs.